HIGHER INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

"10 DE OCTUBRE" MEDICAL SCHOOL

 

WHAT'S PAIN LIKE ?

 

TOPICS: ENGLISH

 

AUTHORS: MAYDELIS RAMILA SERPA (6th year)

                     NOEMI BARRIOS RAMOS (6th year)

                     ELENA VARONA DE LA NOVAL (6th year)

                     ANA ELSY TORRES KINET (6th year)

 

TUTORS:    MERCEDES VENTURA MUÑIZ B. ED.

                     NELSON DE LA FE SÁNCHEZ  M. D.

 

ADVISERS:  ARTURO J. SANTANDER MONTES

                      EUGENIO SANTANDER POZO 

                        

 

SPECIALITY: CLINICS

E-MAIL: fmdoct@infomed.sld.cu

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

INTRODUCTION

 

DEVELOPMENT

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

ABSTRACT

Due to the need of  4th and  5th  year  students of Medicine of using

 

medical English and within this  field  all   the  language  related to

 

the symptoms, it was  our purpose to find a teaching tool in which

 

the  terminology  in  relation  to  the  pain-like  sensation  and  the 

 

diseases  or entities  corresponding  to  this  specific terminology

 

could be showed up.  

 

In order to attain our objective a  right  amount  of updated books

 

and  dictionaries  were  checked  to  find  out  all  the  expressions

 

related to the pain  sensation  with  their   corresponding  Spanish

 

equivalents and to identify  some  illnesses or conditions in which

 

they can appear.

 

As  a   result,  a    total   of   55    pain   related    expressions  with

 

their Spanish equivalents and 64 diseases or entities were  found.

 

These  expressions   characterize     pains   and   aches   and   are

 

necessary  to  establish  diagnoses.  Therefore, this  language  is

 

essential as it is not included in their textbooks.

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

As the   medical  students  in 4th  and  5th  year of their career start

 

studying  English  for  medical  purposes  it  is  very  important  to

 

know  all  the  language  related  to  the   diseases  and  symptoms

 

considering their contribution to reach the right diagnosis.

 

Among the symptoms, it is particularly significant the pathologies

 

which     present   pain   sensation  that   has   different    qualities

 

according  to  the  area  affected and the producing  agent. A wide

 

vocabulary is used in order  to describe  this sensation that has to

 

be mastered  by the  students and  even  by  physicians who have

 

teaching  responsibilities  or  go  to English speaking countries to

 

give medical help.

 

Therefore  it  is  necessary  to  reinforce this knowledge, that does

 

not    appear    in   the   students’   textbooks   and   to   make    the 

 

students  and physicians conscious of its usefulness.

 

Therefore we  decided  to  find  a  teaching tool  which  would help

 

students to  acquire  the  expressions  used  to  characterize  pain   

 

with  their  Spanish  equivalents  and  within  this  to associate the

 

diseases and entities  where  this  specialized  terminology can be

 

used.

 

DEVELOPMENT

 

In this work a total of 55 expressions were found regarding all the

 

pain-like  terminology along with its Spanish equivalents.

 

Later  on, it  was  our  task  to  identify the  diseases,  and entities 

 

in  which the  different  kinds  of pain  are  present,  so this would 

 

facilitate  the  students' acquisition and familiarization with such a

 

language.  As  a   result   about  64   diseases   and   entities   were

 

matched  with   their corresponding expressions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPRESSIONS

SPANISH EQUIVALENTS

DISEASES/CONDITIONS

Abdominal cramps/ 

Stomache

Dolores de estómago                                  

Gastritis/Gastric ulcer/

Hiatal hernia/Stomachache

Afterpains                                            

Dolores de alumbramiento                          

Delivery

Backache                                             

Dolor de espalda                                           

Muscle contraction/Scholiosis

Bearing-down pain                             

                                                              

Sensación de pesantez en el perineo/Dolor de pujos                                                       

Cystocele/Hemorrhoids/Pelvic

inflammatory disease/Rectocele

Boring pain                                          

Dolor penetrante                                          

Pancreatitis

Burning pain                                       

Dolor quemante con ardor                          

Peptic ulcer/Gastritis/MI

Chest pain                                                                                                                         

Dolor en el pecho 

Coronary heart disease

Cluster headache                               

Dolor de cabeza en grupos

Migraine

Colicky pain                                                                                                    

Cólico

Colitis/Giardiasis/Bowel obstruction

Constant pain                                                                                  

Dolor constante

Acute cholecistitis/pancreatitis

Contractions                                                                                 

Dolores del parto

Delivery

Crushing pain                                                                 

Dolor aplastante/opresivo

Infarct

Dragging pain                                                                                  

Dolor dragante

Fracture

Earache                                                                                                    

Dolor de oido

Otitis

Excruciating pain                                                                         

Dolor agudisimo

Trigeminal neuralgia/                                                                                                                              Acute glaucoma

False pains                                                                                       

Dolores falsos

Hysteria

Flank pain

Dolor del costado 

Pleuritis/Urinary infection

Gnawing pain                                                                

Punzada/Dolor mordiente

Cancer/Ulcer

Headache

Dolor de cabeza                                          

Migraine/hypertension

Histaminic headache                                               

Dolor de cabeza histaminico

Migraine

Intermenstrual pain

Dolores intermenstruales

Menstruation

Intermittent pain                                                                    

Dolor que viene y va

Peptic ulcer

Joint pain

Dolor articular                                             

Arthritis/Bursitis

Labor pain                                         

Dolor de parto                                             

Delivery

Labor pain                                                                                        

Dolor de parto

Delivery

Localized pain                                   

Dolor localizado

Cholecystitis/Appendicitis

Mild pain                                                                                                

Dolor leve 

Osteocondrytis

Menstrual cramp                              

Dolor menstrual

Dolor menstrual

Pain in the side

Dolor en punto de costado

Pneumonia/Pleural effusion/TB

Pain when urinating

Dolor al orinar

Urethritis/Gonorrhea/                                                                                      Pyelonephritis

Piercing pain

Dolor terebrante

Fracture

Phantom limb pain

Dolor de miembro fantasma

Amputation

Postoperative pain

Dolor postoperatorio

Hip fracture/Breast cancer/                                                                                                                                   Cesarean section

Premonitory pain

Dolores premonitorios

Uterine contractions

Pressure-like pain

                                                                                                                                       

Dolor opresivo

Ml/Acute Pulmonary edema/Acute pericarditis

Puncture headache

Dolor de cabeza por punción

Brain abcess/Myelitis

Radiating pain

Dolor irradiado

Peptic ulcer/Appendicitis

Referred pain

Dolor referido

Idiopatic ulcerative colitis

Reflexed headache

Dolor de cabeza reflejo

Cervical arthrosis/Visual problems

Root pain

Dolor radicular

Radiculitis

Severe pain

Dolor fuerte, severo

Cancer/Acute appendicitis

Sharp pain

Dolor agudo, clavado

Perforated peptic                                                                                                                                       ulcer/Pneumonia

Shooting pain

Dolor fulgurante

 

Smarting pain

Escozor

Dermatitis

Sore eyes

Dolor de ojos

Glaucoma

Sore throat

Dolor de garganta

Tonsillitis

Steady pain

Dolor continuo

Gastritis

Tearing pain

Dolor desgarrante

Aortic aneurysm

Tenderness

Dolor a la palpaciòn

Hepatitis

Tension headache

Dolor de cabeza por tensiòn

Migraine

Throbbing pain

Dolor de cabeza pulsàtil

Migraine

Toothache

Dolor de diente o muela

 

Twinge (Knifelike pain)

Dolor lancinante

Perforated ulcer

Vascular headache

Dolor de cabeza vascular

Migraine

Wandering pain

Dolor errante, migratorio

Abdominal colic

 
CONCLUSIONS

 

 

1. All  the terminology  referring  to  pain is  needed for 4th and 5th

   

year medical  students  as  part of  their English training because

  

such information is lacking in the English textbooks.

 

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

 

 

¨      To carry out a research to demonstrate the usefulness of this information.

 

 

¨      To elaborate an additional material for 4th and 5th year medical students with all  these expressions and diseases to be used in class.

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 

1.      Herrera   Mc    Elioy    Onyria.  Spanish   and   English   Medical Dictionary. Leppicot William D. Wilking, 1996; page 77.

 

 

2.      Kelz     Rochelle    Ph.  D.   Delmar's   English/Spanish   Pocket   Dictionary  for  Health Professionals. Delmar publishers, 1977; page 163, 346, 347.

 

3.      Butterworths     Medical   Dictionary.    C.   Habana.     Editorial  Científico Técnica,   1986; page 1230.

 

4.      Cambridge   International   Dictionary  of  English. Cambridge  University Press, 1996; page 510.

 

5.      Kumar  Parveen  &  Clark    Michael. Clinical Medicine. Bailliere Tindall, 1994.

 

6.      Harrison's.    Principles   of   Internal   Medicine.   International Edition, 1998.

 

7.  Delvaux    K.     Lysens     R.     Am.   J.   Phys.   Med.   Rehabil.  

     Lumbosacral  pain  in athlete. 2001;80(5):388-91.

 

8.  Multon KD and Parker JC. Arthritis Rheum.  Effects of  stress   

     management    on pain    behavior  in    rheumatoid    arthritis.    

     2001;45(2):111-21.

 

9. Freeman Md. N. English J. Med.  Case  records of  the  general  

    Hospital. Case 13-2001. 2001;26;344(17):1314-20.

 

10. Kuttila SJ and Kuttila MH. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.   

      Secondary  otalgia in an adult population. 2001;127(4):401-5.

 

11. Courtney   MJ    and   Cabraal   D.   Arch.    Otolaryngol.   Head  

      neck Surg. Tramadol vs.   diclofenac   for     posttonsillectomy 

      analgesia. 2001,127(4):401- 5.

 

INDEX